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  In Action  
Completed the Survey on " Consumer Satisfaction of Electricity supply and efficient use of... »

The First community Based Village Micro-Hydro Power Plant connected to the National Grid. ... »

Energy Forum won New two projects! ! ! ... »

Ryutaro Hashimoto APFED Award for Energy Forum ... »

  Past projects  
Titile of project
  Stakeholder Concerns in Electricity Generation Expansion Planning
Funding agency   EU-Sri Lanka-Small Project Facility
Description   Energy Forum conducted a study on incorporating stakeholder concerns in long-term electricity generation expansion planning. The objective was to look critically at the energy planning process in Sri Lanka by addressing policy level issues in the power generation sector.
The study included four components: WASP study (including stakeholder concerns in the planning package currently used by the CEB); WADE study (to explore possibilities of distributed energy); Multi-Criteria Analysis (to value externalities); and financial analysis.
Energy Forum took unprecedented steps to initiate a constructive dialogue between the CEB and environmentalists, whom up to this point had directly conflicting views. This ended the deadlock and will enable a general consensus on future expansion plans to be achieved. The study outcomes showed that most of the energy technologies covered under the study have a role to play in a proper energy mix and these are areas that need to be explored further.
Titile of project
  Feasibility Study on Establishing an Outgrower System for Grid Connected Dendro Power Plant
Funding agency   UNDP, Ministry of Power & Energy
Description   The aim of this project was to conduct a feasibility study to analyse a 1MW grid-connected power plant in operation at Walapone and to develop a greater level of understanding of its impact on the community.
The objective of the study was to examine the social, agricultural, financial and management issues associated with establishing a 1MW out grower Dendro Power Plant System so predictions could be made on its feasibility in Badulla District.
A series of meetings were conducted, first with the farmer leaders and agricultural extension officers, and then with the farmers to gather information relating to the area of land available for plant building.
The study found that currently available trees in both DS Divisions could supply fuel wood to run a 3MW dendro power plant. With the introduction of proper energy plantations to the selected area, there is the potential to scale up to 11MW.
Titile of project
  Power Fund for the poor project
Funding agency   Asian Development Bank
Description   The PFP project was designed to develop a micro-finance scheme to provide evidence that such schemes could be implemented successfully for money lending to poor households for their electrification.
Two micro-finance institutions disbursed loans to selected beneficiary households, the SDB and SEEDS. Energy Forum provided technical input to these MFIs and the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) to help the project reach its targets with improved procedures.
EF conducted capacity building for the three agencies and information on PFP management (targeting the poor households, structure and repayment schemes of loans etc.) was distributed through training workshops for MFIs. An awareness campaign provided information to rural consumers on technical standards for wiring, electrical safety, and energy conservation. The campaign also raised awareness of the scheme.
7,009 electricity grid connection loans totalling SLR101.0 million had been disbursed by the end of the project.
Titile of project
  Developing Training Modules and Curriculum for Private Contractors of the Ceylon Electricity Board
Funding agency   USAID/SARI
Description   This project generated cooperation in the region for developing and conducting better training programs for the off grid energy sector. Energy technologies covered under this project included Solar, Micro-Hydro, Wind, Bio-gas, and Biomass based electricity generation options.
Energy Forum worked with the Training Department and Rural Electrification Unit of the Ceylon Electricity Board to develop a training curriculum and materials for contractors and private service providers in rural energy supply services. The curriculum provides a proper guideline for training on planning, design, installation, administration, financing, operation and maintenance of the projects.
The course materials were reviewed at a regional meeting with participation of regional experts before finalization.
The project has been used as a vehicle towards a networking process among the training institutes in the region to share the development and best practices for their mutual benefit.
Titile of project
  Energy Conservation Options for Hospitals
Funding agency   Renewable Energy for Rural Economic Development (RERED)
Description   The program focused on implementing economically viable energy saving techniques for hospitals and providing necessary guidelines for their sustainability.
Energy Forum conducted an analysis of the RERED Project and produced an ‘Energy Management Program’ which showed the possibility of providing a better service to the sector at similar or cheaper costs
• Lighting sub-systems: Introduce electronic or low loss magnetic ballasts as the ECO for the lighting subsystem
• Electric drive and distribution sub-system: Reduce network losses by avoiding very old transformers
• Air-conditioning sub-system: Air cooled package type machines are less efficient than water cooled ones
• Conduct comprehensive study on the air conditioning subsystem
• Convert electric water heating systems to LPG-based heating systems
• All heating needs presently served by electricity should be switched to LPG-based heating, where appropriate
Titile of project
  Global Village Energy Partnership Program
Funding agency   USAID/SARI
Description   A reliable supply of energy and rural electrification has the capacity to enhance the physical and social security of the people, reduce their vulnerability and create opportunities for sustainable livelihoods. Under this programme, Energy Forum and CORE International conducted various activities focussing on productive and social uses of energy services in the rural energy sector. With direction from the Ministry of Power and Energy, the Sri Lanka Working Group was established.
Following the establishment of the Sri Lanka working group, a Multi-Stakeholders Workshop was conducted which identified sectors which are linked with energy supply as: agriculture, tourism, education, telecommunication, small business/industry, and healthcare.
The working group recommended the creation of a Secretariat a technical and an administrative component. This Secretariat was charged with developing an action plan to enhance Sri Lanka's participation in the Global Village Energy Partnership
Titile of project
  Networking for Promotion of Renewable Energy Technologies (Net-PRET) in Sri Lanka
Funding agency   European Union/Asia Pro Eco
Description   This project promoted renewable energy technologies to meet energy needs of rural communities living in off-grid areas of Sri Lanka through Private-Public-Civil Society Partnerships between stakeholders at local, provincial and national level in Sri Lanka and the EU.
The objectives of the project were to provide off grid communities with increased options and more reliable electricity services in addition to improved communication and networking opportunities.
The project built the technical and managerial capacity of provincial officials and helped them initiate the Private-Public-Civil Society partnerships, acting as a network hub for provincial energy.
The Energy Forum contributed by strengthening existing networks and interactions among different actors working in the sector. Additionally, it supported local initiatives and facilitated new partnerships between the public-private sector and civil society at provincial, national and international level.
Titile of project
  Village Dendro Power
Funding agency   UNDP/GEF
Description   A pilot dendro power project investigated the necessary conditions for establishing an off-grid dendro power plant. Social acceptability of the community, availability of the infrastructure for operation and maintenance of the plant were the key criteria.
It was found that it is necessary to review and select the most appropriate energy conversion technology, develop designs for the system and develop institutional mechanisms necessary for implementation, management and cost estimates for the project. It is also appropriate to integrate an income-generating activity e.g. it is better to concentrate on the off-grid villages that provide fuel wood to grid connected dendro plants.
The pilot project proved that an off-grid Dendro power plant can be successfully operated and maintained by technically competent people in the village. Costs for the establishment, operation and maintenance of the power plant were established, as were technical and environmental standard procedures.
Titile of project
  Establishing National and Regional Standards for the Micro Hydro sector in the South Asia Region
Funding agency   USAID/SARI
Description   This project aimed to harmonise standards and establish quality programs in the micro hydro sector, expand the micro-hydro market and provide sustainable energy services to end users. The programme established national technical committees in Sri Lanka, India and Nepal to develop national micro hydro standards. A regional technical committee explored the opportunities for developing regional standards.
EF formed a regional secretariat to monitor and oversee the activities of the project. Within this remit it also organized a regional workshop in March 2006 to review the draft regional report.
The quality assurance system addressed the whole process from site identification to operations supported by capacity building activities with all the required guidelines, manuals, institutional set-up and delivery mechanisms.
Consultants, manufacturers, installers, donors, government organizations, service providers have well accepted the standards and guidelines developed.
Titile of project
  Municipal Waste Gasification
Funding agency   UNDP/ Ministry of Power & Energy
Description   The disposal of king coconut husks in urban areas is a serious waste issue and in this project the Energy Forum conducted research into conversion of these husks into energy as a means to usefully remove them.
Research and testing successfully proved the conversion of king coconut husks to energy by means of gassifier technology. Additional uses of king coconut husks were found for use in the household for timber fired boilers, bakeries and commercial kitchens. Given this finding, the municipal waste gasification project also investigated efficient procedures that could build community spirit and quality of life, whilst removing this waste issue.
The project involved community participation in the separation of waste, and created self-employment opportunities for the collection, drying, and distribution of king coconut husks to gassifiers, or to homes for use in the kitchen.
Titile of project
  Integrated Solid Waste Management
Funding agency   WASTE International & CORDAID
Description   The Energy Forum together with WASTE Netherlands implemented this project to introduce Integrated Sustainable Waste Management plans to Hambantota and Ampara Districts. The ISWM approach to assessment and planning considers in total five principles:
•Equity - To ensure the system serves all, irrespective of social or economic status, demand and participation.
•Fairness - All costs of the system are distributed based on the ability of the stakeholders to bear such costs. Fairness as a principle will often result in cross-subsidies in practice.
•Sustainability - The system can operate at a stable level, replace its resources and maintain its operations into the future.
•Effectiveness - The extent to which households are served, waste is collected and transported disposal facility, and streets and open spaces are cleaned.
•Efficiency - Measure of solid waste management service delivered and amount of unused capacity in system.
Titile of project
  Mainstreaming Bio-gas Power as an Off-grid Electricity Generating Source in Sri Lanka
Funding agency   Wupperatal Institute (WISIONS)
Description   This project was implemented to pilot test community based biogas power schemes to cater to the energy needs of off grid communities. By December 2007, EF had established 12 pilot projects providing electricity to 56 households and water supply to 80 households. Eleven of the pilot projects were Chinese type biogas units and one pilot project was a Small Batch Type unit which is a new design. The small batch type was designed to overcome the weaknesses in the existing large batch type systems.
After demonstrating the pilot schemes EF developed biogas power standards and guidelines for financing mechanisms. Training modules were developed for capacity building of potential project developers. By developing a strategic template EF aimed to make biogas technology a mainstream off-grid energy technology. Negotiations were also conducted with existing renewable energy sector financing mechanism officials and they were convinced of the importance of financing biogas power schemes.
Titile of project
  Village Dendro Systems in Sri Lanka
Funding agency   The World Bank ; Implementing Agency-Winrock International
Description   The purpose of this programme was to review the current state of the dendro-power sector in Sri Lanka, to assess Energy Forum's role in sharing knowledge about and strengthening the sector, and finally to assist in the expansion of the sector by linking income generation activities to Village Dendro Schemes (VDS) and designing cost effective and affordable domestic electrical appliances packages that meet the needs of VDS electricity consumers.
The study conducted under this project reviewed already-existing VDSs in order to design a list of “best practices” for future schemes and conducting a survey of potential off-grid, dendro-power sites in two of the provinces in Sri Lanka’s dry zone. The main goal was to make VDS attractive as a mainstream off-grid renewable technology option. Energy Forum promoted this by building partnerships and developing and establishing visible results through several pilot projects which have electrified a number of off-grid villages.
Titile of project
  Inception Phase for Integrated Support for a Sustainable Urban Environment (ISSUE - 2)
Funding agency   WASTE -Netherlands
Description   The programme is currently in its inception phase which is working to facilitate the establishment of strong district programme consortia supported by stakeholders platforms, collaborations, MOUs, and similar institutional relationships.
The ISSUE-2 Programme is a waste management project which features a number of concepts:
1.District Approach
This approach focuses more or less on closing the loop, between urban and rural areas. The ISSUE-2 Programme will develop sanitation and integrated urban management plans in selected areas to encourage re-use of resources, particularly those rural resources which are often disposed of in urban areas.
2.Integration of solid waste and sanitation
Integration is about deliberately mixing waste system elements (storage – collection – transport – processing/treatment – reuse) for solid waste and sanitation. This programme will investigate the most effective options for addressing waste issues.
Titile of project
  Integrated Sustainable Waste Management Centre, Hambantota
Funding agency   WASTE Netherlands, VNG International
Description   Many local authorities are not in a position to have a modern waste management system due to lack of technological knowhow. The Centre can handle any kind of waste and provides reasonable and profitable solutions to new and ongoing waste management issues.

The solutions address the following:
• Waste treatment technology
• The management & marketing structure
• Memorandum of understanding among private, public and civil society partners
• Political and legal background

There are many emerging financially viable technologies on conservation of energy, water, and resource recovery which minimize environmental impacts. The centre will provide:
• recycling
• composting
• hazardous waste storage
• wastewater treatment
• sanitary landfill facility

Organic compost is already being produced for sale as well as processed plastic for resale to manufacturers
Titile of project
  Consultancy for Physical Verification of Assets (2007 and 2008)
Funding agency   RERED Project
Description   The RERED Project initially targeted providing electricity access to 100,000 households through home bases solar/wind systems and independent mini grids fed by micro hydros,wind and biomass generators; electricity 1000 small and medium rural enterprises through renewable energy resources; and add 85MW capacity through grid connected renewable energy power plants. With additional financing, Project aims to provide electricity access to a further 60,000 households through home based solar/wind systems and independent mini-grids fed by micro hydros, wind and biomass generators; electricity additional 500 small and medium rural enterprises through renewable energy resources;and add a further 50 MW capacity through grid connected renewable energy power plants. The objective of this assignments is to verify the existence of assets as per records at AU of the sub projects financed under RERED project during 2007 and 2008.The sub-projects are categorised as grid-connected, off-grid community b
Titile of project
  Popularising Decentralised Energy Technologies and Advocating for a more Enabling Policy Environment
Funding agency   Hivos - Humanist Institute for Co-operation with Developing Countries
Description   The objective of the project was to encourage wider use of decentralised energy options through networking for improving the standard of living of the off-grid communities. The Energy Information Centre (EIC)was established under this project to provide a centralised location for non-partisan energy information. The Centre focused on the unique needs of Sri Lanka’s energy community and facilitates communication and co-ordination among energy researchers, energy policy makers, NGOs, universities, government functionaries, and other relevant parties within Sri Lanka’s energy sector. The Energy Forum brought together the National Energy Network at the Bandaranaike Memorial Conference Hall on 26th March 2002 through the "National Energy Symposium". Further it established Provincial Energy Networks in Uva, Southern and Sabaragamuwa Provinces.
Titile of project
  Promotion of Renewable and Decentralized Energy Technologies for Social Development - 2002/04
Funding agency   Hivos - Humanist Institute for Co-operation with Developing Countries
Description   The goal of the project was to promote renewable and decentralised energy technologies to achieve environmental protection, stabilisation of Sri Lanka’s national energy situation, and the upliftment of marginalised members of the society. The objectives of the project were; -diverse interests and perspectives within Sri Lanka’s energy community brought together in a formal setting where decisions can be taken on mutually agreed, shared energy problems - A setting where typically absent perspectives can be voiced and heard by energy decision makers is provided - The capacity of nascent or struggling organisations, especially those groups important to local or national renewable energy scene, is developed.
Titile of project
  Mainstreaming modern biomass technologies for off-grid rural electrification in Sri Lanka.
Funding agency   SARI/Energy is funded by U. S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
Description   This project is to pilot test a 3B type village biogas power system in Kirigalpotta village of Sri Lanka and the organization of a national workshop that will be a platform for the identification and removal of barriers to wider diffusion of village Dendro and Bio gas power technologies in rural Sri Lanka.
Titile of project
  Establish a bio-gas power plant to electrify 8 households.
Funding agency   EMPOWER
Description   Based on a request made by a group of expatriate students living in Australia, EF selected the Kirigalpotta village in Badulla district to establish a bio-gas power plant to electrify 8 households. The paddy straw is used as the raw material for the bio-gasification. This is the first straw based continuous type biogas unit in Sri Lanka. The construction work and charging the digester was completed. The mini grid too was constructed.
Titile of project
  Technical assistance for connecting off-grid power schemes to the national electricity grid.
Funding agency   RERED Project
Description   Technical, social and legal barriers for connecting the existing off-grid community based micro-hydro schemes to the national grid (when the grid is extended to the village) are removed.
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